97 House Vocabulary in Chinese (House Parts, Rooms & Objects)
Have you ever wondered what a house is called in Chinese? Knowing the key Chinese house vocabulary such as room names, home appliances, and furniture is very useful as you will probably need to use these words every day in China.
Luckily for you, we got this entire article dedicated to “house” in Chinese. We’re going to help you understand and use over 90 essential household vocabulary expressions. We will go around to each of the rooms in the house and show you what is typically there in Chinese households so you can use those words instantly in life. You’ll be able to expand your vocabulary even if you are an advanced Mandarin speaker!
Sound good? Let’s get started.
How to Say “House” in Chinese
First and foremost, the word for “house” in Mandarin Chinese is:
- 房子 (fángzi)
It’s a very quick and simple word for you to learn. 房 (fáng) means house, and 子 (zi) is a nominal suffix used after many nouns in Chinese. Depending on the situation and context, 房子 (fángzi) may also mean apartment or room. You can use this word colloquially as well as in written language.
Another common way of saying “house” in Chinese is:
- 房 (fáng)
You may simply use 房 (fáng), which is essentially the shortened version of 房子 (fángzi) to refer to a house sometimes. However, this word is rarely used on its own. Usually, it appears in house-related words and phrases.
- 平房 (píng fáng) – bungalow (literally, “flat house”)
- 买房 (mǎi fáng) – buy (a) house
- 租房 (zū fáng) – rent (a) house
We’ll cover more house-related vocabulary in a minute. But before that, there is one thing you need to note:
The Measure Word for House in Chinese
In Chinese, all nouns require a measure word when counted. For instance, you wouldn’t just say “a house”, or “two apartments”, you would have to say “a [measure word] house” and “two [measure word] apartments”.
The most common measure words for 房子 (fángzi) – “house” in Chinese are 栋 (dòng) and 幢 (zhuàng). You can use them interchangeably, like
- 一栋房子 (yí dòng fángzi) – a house
- 两幢房子 (liǎng zhuàng fángzi) – two houses
However, if you are using 房子 (fángzi) to refer to an apartment, the proper measure word would be 套 (tào). For instance:
- 这套房子 (zhè tào fángzi) – this apartment
And when you are referencing a room, use 间 (jiān) instead as the measure word.
Lóu shàng yǒu sān jiān fáng.
There are three rooms upstairs.
Parts of the House in Chinese
Now use the picture below to learn the names of different parts of the house in Chinese. Simply move your mouse around and the words will present themselves in Chinese.
èr lóu1 of 9 chimney
yāncōng2 of 9 attic
gélóu3 of 9 balcony
yángtái4 of 9 door
mén5 of 9 window
chuāng6 of 9 roof
wūdǐng7 of 9 wall
qiáng8 of 9 first floor
yī lóu9 of 9
House-related Vocabulary in Chinese
Below are the most common house-related Chinese vocabulary words. We provide them with the Chinese characters as well as Pinyin romanization to help you pronounce the words. You’ll see that pairing 房(子)/fáng(zi) with different characters creates interesting compound words that relate to the house.
|买房(子)||mǎi fáng(zi)||buy a house|
|卖房(子)||mài fáng(zi)||sell a house|
|房价||fáng jià||house price|
|租房(子)||zū fáng(zi)||rent a house|
|房租||fáng zū||house rent|
Home vs House in Chinese
Like in English, people make a distinction between “home” and “house” in Chinese. While 家 (jiā) can refer to any place that we live in such as a house, a tent, a boat, a cave, or even the abstract notion, 房子 (fángzi) only means the physical building.
For example, if you live in a camper van, then your camper van can be your 家 (jiā), but not your 房子 (fángzi) – even if the Chinese word for camper van – 房车 (fáng chē) translates to “house car”.
Related Reading: Home in Chinese (25 Expressions to Expand Your Vocabulary)
All right, now that we have cleared all that up, let’s get onto talking about the different types of houses in Chinese.
Types of Houses in Chinese
There are a few types of Chinese houses and homes such as 公寓 (gōngyù), 别墅 (biéshù), 平房 (píng fáng), 老公房 (lǎo gōngfáng), etc.
Most Chinese people don’t live in single-family detached houses. Instead, they often live in apartments, especially in cities.
Here are the Chinese words for the different types of houses that people commonly live in.
1. 公寓 (gōngyù)
The standard Chinese word for “apartment” is 公寓 (gōngyù), though it’s often called 房子 (fángzi) as well in spoken Chinese. 公寓 (gōngyù) are the choice of the majority of Chinese people as they are cheaper.
2. 老公房 (lǎo gōngfáng)
老公房 (lǎo gōngfáng) are those communist-style apartment blocks built by the Chinese government in the 1950s-1980s to accommodate the working class. Nowadays, most of such old houses are resided by old people.
3. 商住两用房 (shāng zhù liǎng yòng fáng)
商住两用房 (shāng zhù liǎng yòng fáng) refers to the houses wherein a building comprises a mix of residential apartments and offices.
4. 别墅 (biéshù)
In Chinese, 别墅 (biéshù) is the generic word for a house that’s used as a residence, and usually housing a single household. A small house like a cottage is called a 小别墅 (xiǎo biéshù) – “small house” while a villa is referred to as a 豪华别墅 (háohuá biéshù) – “luxurious house”.
The term 别墅 (biéshù) may also be used for townhouses. To be more precise, you can call a stand-alone house 独栋别墅 (dúdòng biéshù), and a townhouse 联排别墅 (liánpái biéshù).
5. 平房 (píng fáng)
平房 (píng fáng) – bungalows used to be a popular type of house in China. A traditional type of bungalow you can still find throughout the country, most famously in Beijing, is called 四合院 (sì hé yuàn).
6. 石库门 (shí kù mén)
石库门 (shí kù mén), literally “stone warehouse gate”, is the most representative house style of Shanghai. These are clusters of two to three-story terrace houses that were built around the city in the early 20th century.
7. 农民房 (nóngmín fáng)
A 农民房 (nóngmín fáng), or “farmer’s house”, as the name suggests, is a rustic house with little aesthetic appeal built by farmers themselves in the countryside. An upscale house located in rural settings is instead referred to as 乡间别墅 (xiāngjiān biéshù) – “countryside house”.
8. 蒙古包 (Měnggǔ bāo)
蒙古包 (Měnggǔ bāo) refers to the primary housing structures that the Mongols use in China’s Inner Mongolia region (which is the home to more than 4 million Mongols). Like the usual residence, the yurt also has all the amenities.
9. 小屋 (xiǎo wū)
小屋 (xiǎo wū) is what we call “cabin” in Chinese. Like 房 (fáng), the word 屋 (wū) also means house or room. The primary difference you might find is that 屋 (wū) is usually smaller, simpler, and has less finishing compared to 房 (fáng). A cabin that is built from logs is called 小木屋 (xiǎo mù wū).
10. 树屋 (shù wū)
Yes, they do exist. Treehouses are called 树屋 (shù wū) in Chinese.
Rooms in the House in Chinese
As we’ve mentioned, the word 房 (fáng) can be used as a casual term for “room”. But a more formal word for room in Chinese is 房间 (fángjiān).
So, what are the Chinese names of the various 房间 (fángjiān) in a house?
Below is a quick rundown of the common room names in Chinese.
yángtái1 of 7 second bedroom
cì wò2 of 7 living room
kètīng3 of 7 dining room
cāntīng4 of 7 master bedroom
zhǔ wò5 of 7 bathroom
wèishēngjiān6 of 7 kitchen
chúfáng7 of 7
Now let’s learn how to use all of these words with some details.
Living Room in Chinese: 客厅 (kètīng)
Usually the most spacious room located at the front of the house, the living room is where Chinese families gather together for leisure. In China, the living room is called 客厅 (kètīng), literally “guest hall”, since it was originally a place to entertain visitors.
Dining Room in Chinese: 餐厅 (cāntīng)
The dining room is referred to as 餐厅 (cāntīng) in China. Literally “meal hall”, this word can also mean restaurant in Chinese.
Kitchen in Chinese: 厨房 (chúfáng)
厨房 (chúfáng) is probably everyone’s favorite room of the house. It means kitchen in Chinese.
Quiz: Do you know how to say “chef” in Chinese? Hint: it has something to do with “kitchen”. Check out our list of Mandarin professions to find out.
Bathroom in Chinese: 卫生间 (wèishēngjiān)
卫生间 (wèishēngjiān) is the bathroom in Chinese. This word usually refers to the room where the toilet is. However, if you’re referring to the room with the tub or shower instead, you can say 浴室 (yùshì). More on this in our article on 7 ways to say “bathroom” In Chinese.
Laundry Room in Chinese: 洗衣间 (xǐyījiān)
Laundry room in Chinese is simply “wash clothes room” – 洗衣间 (xǐyījiān). Most Chinese households don’t have a laundry room and the clothes are usually air-dried on the balcony.
Bedroom in Chinese: 卧室 (wòshì)
卧室 (wòshì) literally means “the room to sleep” in Chinese. The master bedroom in a house is called 主卧 (zhǔ wò) while the second and guest bedroom are called 次卧 (cì wò) and 客卧 (kè wò).
Office in Chinese: 办公室 (bàngōngshì)
Remember we all had to turn a part of our house into a home office during the COVID-19 outbreak? Well, the word for office in Chinese is 办公室 (bàngōngshì). And to say “work from home”, you say 在家办公 (zài jiā bàngōng).
Study in Chinese: 书房 (shūfáng)
This is an easy one: 书房 (shūfáng) – literally “book room”. Don’t confuse it with 图书馆 (túshūguǎn) which means library.
Hallway in Chinese: 玄关 (xuánguān)
The entryway area for a house or apartment is called 玄关 (xuánguān) in Chinese.
Attic in Chinese: 阁楼 (gélóu)
阁楼 (gélóu) can mean attic or loft in Chinese.
Here’s an interesting Chinese idiom with the word in it: 空中阁楼 (kōng zhōng gélóu) – “attics in the air”, meaning unrealistic plans or hopes for the future.
Basement in Chinese: 地下室 (dìxiàshì)
The word for basement in Chinese is 地下室 (dìxiàshì). It literally means “underground room”. There’s no clear-cut purpose for a basement. Many families convert it into a home gym – 家庭健身房 (jiātíng jiànshēnfáng), a home theater – 家庭影院 (jiātíng yǐngyuàn) or a “rec room” – 家庭娱乐室 (jiātíng yúlè shì).
Garage in Chinese: 车库 (chēkù)
车库 (chēkù) is what we call a garage in Chinese. It translates to “car storeroom”, literally. If you are talking about a fixed parking space in your apartment complex, then use the word 车位 (chēwèi) instead.
Balcony in Chinese: 阳台 (yángtái)
阳台 (yángtái), literally “sun deck”, is the balcony in Chinese. A terrace is called 露台 (lùtái).
Garden in Chinese: 花园 (huāyuán)
Finally, the garden around a house is called 花园 (huāyuán). Don’t get it mixed up with 公园 (gōng yuán), which is the park for the public.
Further Reading: Gardening Tools in Chinese
House Objects and Furniture in Chinese
Now we’re gonna go around the rooms in the house – the living room, the dining room, the kitchen, the bathroom, and the bedroom, and name the different items that are typically there in Chinese.
Let’s start with the living room.
Living Room Items in Chinese
Note that though “coffee table” technically translates to 咖啡桌 (kāfēi zhuō) in Mandarin, Chinese people commonly refer to it as “tea table” – 茶几 (chájī).
Dining Room & Kitchen Items in Chinese
|kitchen counter||厨房柜台||chúfáng guìtái|
Further Reading: Kitchen Expressions in Chinese
Bathroom & Laundry Room Items in Chinese
Bedroom Items in Chinese
Not enough? Read on to learn more Chinese furniture vocabulary and expressions through examples.
Example Sentences with House in Chinese
Now is the time to use the Chinese house vocabulary in context. Practice the following sentences and you’ll develop your knowledge of Chinese grammar and gain confidence in speaking Chinese in simple conversations.
Wǒmen xià gè yuè yào bān dào xīn fángzi le.
We’re moving to a new house next month.
Wàiguórén néng zài Zhōngguó mǎi fáng ma?
Can foreigners buy a house/apartment in China?
Zhè dòng fángzi shì nǐmen mǎi de háishì zū de?
Did you buy or rent this house?
Shànghǎi de fáng jià hěn gāo. Fáng zū yě shì.
The house price in Shanghai is very high. So is the rent.
Zhè tào fángzi yǒu jǐ gè fángjiān?
How many rooms does this apartment have?
Wǒmen de fángzi yǒu sì gè wòshì, sān gè wèishēngjiān.
Our house/apartment has four bedrooms and three bathrooms.
FAQs about House in Chinese
How do I say “my house” in Chinese?
“My house” in Chinese is 我的房子 (wǒ de fángzi). Simply add the possessive pronoun 我的 (wǒ de) – meaning “my” to the word 房子 (fángzi). If you are referring to your home, you may also say 我家 (wǒ jiā) – “my home”.
How do I say “coffee house” in Chinese?
To say “coffee house” in Chinese, you can either say 咖啡馆 (kāfēi guǎn) or 咖啡屋 (kāfēi wū). The character 房 (fáng) is not to be used in this word.
How do I say “it’s on the house” in Chinese?
This English expression can’t be translated word for word into Chinese. To say something is free, you say 这是免费的 (zhè shì miǎnfèi de).
How do I say “the White House” in Chinese?
The White House in Chinese is 白宫 (bái gōng), literally “white palace”.
What’s “House of Cards” in Chinese?
House of Cards in Chinese is 纸牌屋 (Zhǐpái Wū). You can watch it with Chinese subtitles here.
Want to Speak Chinese for Real?
There you go! We’ve covered everything you wanted to know about house in Chinese. A great way to remember these vocabulary words is to go around your house and name things in Chinese. You could even write down a label and put it around if your family members don’t mind!
Now, if you’re learning Chinese, you should make the best out of ImproveMandarin.com, one of the world’s largest sites dedicated to Mandarin studies.
Here are some articles to help you get started:
- Home in Chinese (25 Expressions to Expand Your Vocabulary)
- Basic Chinese Words and Phrases to Survive in China
- Easy Chinese Grammar for the Overwhelmed Beginners
- How to Learn Chinese Faster – An Actionable Guide
By the way, if you’ve just started out to learn Chinese, we strongly recommend you take a structured Chinese course online. It’s far more effective than reading odd bits and pieces here and there and trying to put them together on your own.
We’ve practically reviewed every Chinese course available on the internet. Some are fantastic while others are a complete waste of time. Here are the best online Chinese courses we found in 2023.