Furniture in Chinese: 130 Essential Words to Win (In & Outdoor)

furniture in Chinese

Regardless of what a home means to you, a house isn’t much without furniture inside. Knowing the Chinese furniture vocabulary can be very useful as we use and talk about them every day, especially if you’re living in China.

Well, in this guide, you’ll learn all the essentials for talking about furniture in Mandarin Chinese. We aren’t just talking tables, chairs, and beds, oh no. Here you’ll discover the name for every piece of furniture in Chinese and some super useful examples to learn how to use all of them.

With this fun guide to furniture in Chinese, we guarantee that visiting your friends and family will be a whole lot more pleasant as you compliment their place and open up topics of conversation!

Sound good? Let’s get started.

Furniture in Chinese

First and foremost, let’s learn how to say “furniture” in Chinese.

The general word for furniture in Chinese is 家具 (jiājù). When you are referring to a piece of furniture, you can say 一件家具 (yí jiàn jiājù). 件 (jiàn) is one of the most common measure words in Chinese that’s used for furniture, utensils as well as clothes, among other things.

家具 (jiājù) is a typical compound word in Chinese. If you break the word into characters, 家 (jiā) means home or household, and 具 (zuò) means appliance. Together, they express the notion of “furniture”. This word is easy to confuse with 工具 (gōngjù), which means tool.

General Chinese Furniture Vocabulary

Now that you know how to say “furniture” in Chinese, we’ll help you to build your essential furniture vocabulary.

There are lots of terms we want to share with you. Here’s a list of the most basic vocabulary words, expressions, and verbal phrases to get you started on talking about furniture in Chinese.

ChinesePinyin PronunciationEnglish
家具店jiājù diànfurniture store
家具厂jiājù chǎngfurniture factory
房子fángzihouse
公寓gōngyùapartment
促销cùxiāosale
布置bùzhìto furnish
购买gòumǎito purchase
mǎito buy
màito sell
设计shèjìto design
zuòto make
huànto change/replace
xiūto fix
修复xiūfùto restore
退tuìto return
下单xiàdānto order
送货sònghuòto deliver
安装ānzhuāngto install
xīnnew
jiùold
二手èrshǒusecond-hand
现成xiànchéngreadily available
定制dìngzhì custom-made
漂亮piàoliangbeautiful
chǒuugly
实用shíyòngpractical
宜家YíjiāIkea

Example Sentences to Talk about Furniture in Chinese:

  • 我们得为我们的新公寓购买一些家具。
    Wǒmen děi wèi wǒmen de xīn gōngyù gòumǎi yīxiē jiājù.
    We need to buy some furniture for our new apartment.
  • 房东留给我们的家具又旧又丑,我想把它们都换了。
    Fángdōng liú gěi wǒmen de jiājù yòu jiù yòu chǒu, wǒ xiǎng bǎ tāmen dōu huàn le.
    The furniture our landlord left us is old and ugly. I’d like to change them all.
  • 宜家下周有促销,要不我们去看看?
    Yíjiā xià zhōu yǒu cùxiāo, yàobù wǒmen qù kànkan?
    There is a sale at Ikea next week. Shall we go and have a look?
  • 这件家具是现成的吗?如果我现在下单,什么时候能送货?
    Zhè jiàn jiājù shì xiànchéng de ma? Rúguǒ wǒ xiànzài xiàdān, shénme shíhòu néng sònghuò?
    Is this piece of furniture readily available? If I place an order now, when will it be delivered?
  • 你们的家具真漂亮。是哪里买的?
    Nǐmen de jiājù zhēn piàoliang. Shì nǎli mǎi de?
    Your furniture is so beautiful. Where did you buy it?

    是我自己设计然后找家具厂定制的。
    Shì wǒ zìjǐ shèjì ránhòu zhǎo jiājù chǎng dìngzhì de.
    I designed it myself and then found a furniture factory to custom-make it.
Ikea in Chinese
宜家 (Yíjiā) – the catchy Chinese name of Ikea means “suitable for home” and appeals to young Chinese looking to furnish their apartment.

Room-Specific Furniture in Chinese

It’s easier to remember new words when we associate them with daily places. Before we get into learning the names of various pieces of furniture in Chinese, it’s helpful to first know the rooms in the house.

Here’s a quick rundown of the room names in Chinese.

EnglishChinesePinyin
living room客厅kètīng
dining room餐厅cāntīng
kitchen厨房chúfáng
bathroom卫生间wèishēngjiān
laundry room洗衣间xǐyījiān
bedroom卧室wòshì
office办公室bàngōngshì
study书房shūfáng
balcony阳台yángtái
terrace露台lùtái
garden花园huāyuán

If you are interested, we’ve written an in-depth guide to help you learn more about the different parts and areas of the house in Chinese.

Below is a comprehensive vocabulary list for furniture in Chinese in each room of the house that’s complete with characters and Pinyin pronunciation. We also provide the corresponding measure word for each piece of furniture to help you use the words properly.

Note that there could be multiple terms for several pieces of furniture on this list. For example, there are two words for “table” in Chinese: 桌子 (zhuōzi) and 台子 (táizi). These words can be used interchangeably.

Living Room Furniture in Chinese – 客厅家具 (kètīng jiājù)

There’s nothing like taking your shoes off and chilling on the commodity of your own sofa after a long day at work! Here’s the vocabulary you need to talk about the living room furniture in Chinese!

EnglishChinese Pinyin Measure Word
armchair扶手椅fúshǒuyǐ张(zhāng)/把( bǎ)
blinds百叶帘bǎiyèlián副(fù)
cabinet橱柜chúguì个(gè)
carpet/rug地毯dìtǎn条(tiáo)/块(kuài)
chair椅子yǐzi张(zhāng)/把(bǎ)
chandelier吊灯diàodēng盏(zhǎn)
clockzhōng面(miàn)
coffee table咖啡桌/茶几chájī张(zhāng)
curtains窗帘chuānglián副(fù)
cushion靠枕/垫子kàozhěn/diànzi个(gè)
display cabinet展示柜zhǎnshìguì个(gè)
fireplace壁炉bìlú个(gè)
floor lamp落地灯luòdìdēng盏(zhǎn)
shelf架子jiàzi个(gè)/排(pái)
side table边桌/边几biānzhuō/biānjī张(zhāng)
sofa沙发shāfā张(zhāng)
sofa bed沙发床shāfāchuáng张(zhāng)
stool凳子dèngzi张(zhāng)
table桌子/台子zhuōzi/táizi张(zhāng)
TV电视机diànshìjī台(tái)
TV cabinet电视柜diànshìguì个(gè)

Note that sometimes people use different measure words to quantify the same piece of furniture in Chinese and the choice would depend on which characteristic they wish to emphasize. For instance, 张 (zhāng) is commonly used for flat chairs while 把 (bǎ) is used for chairs with arms.

living room furniture in Chinese
floor lamp

落地灯

luòdìdēng

1 of 9
TV cabinet

电视柜

diànshìguì

2 of 9
sofa

沙发

shāfā

3 of 9
chandelier

吊灯

diàodēng

4 of 9
chair

椅子

yǐzi

5 of 9
coffee table

咖啡桌

kāfēizhuō

6 of 9
side table

边桌

biānzhuō

7 of 9
carpet

地毯

dìtǎn

8 of 9
curtains

窗帘

chuānglián

9 of 9

Example Sentences:

  • 这张沙发太舒服了!
    Zhè zhāng shāfā tài shūfu le!
    This sofa is really comfy!
  • 我喜欢客厅的吊灯。
    Wǒ xǐhuan kètīng de diàodēng.
    I like the chandelier in the living room.
  • 不要把脚放在咖啡桌上。
    Búyào bǎ jiǎo fàng zài kāfēizhuō shàng.
    Don’t put your feet on the coffee table.

Dining Room Furniture in Chinese – 餐厅家具 (cāntīng jiājù)

Chinese people are pretty serious about food and eating. In Chinese homes, the dining room and living room are usually connected. Watching or using the TV as background noise while eating is extremely common in China.

Here’s how you name the dining room furniture in Chinese.

EnglishChinese Pinyin Measure Word
bar stool吧椅bāyǐ张(zhāng)/把(bǎ)
bar table吧台bātái张(zhāng)
tableware餐具cānjù件(jiàn)
buffet餐具柜cānjùguì个(gè)
dining chair餐椅cānyǐ张(zhāng)/把(bǎ)
dining table餐桌cānzhuō张(zhāng)
wine rack酒架jiǔjià个(gè)/排(pái)

Example Sentences:

  • 这张吧椅不够高。
    Zhè zhāng bāyǐ bú gòu gāo.
    This bar stool is not tall enough.
  • 我们的餐桌可以坐八个人。
    Wǒmen de cānzhuō kěyǐ zuò bā gè rén.
    Our dining table can seat up to 8 people.
  • 这里还需要两把餐椅。
    Zhèli hái xūyào liǎng bǎ cānyǐ.
    We need two more dining chairs here.

Kitchen Furniture in Chinese – 厨房家具 (chúfáng jiājù)

While the living room may be the heart of the Chinese home, the kitchen is where the action is! Here is a list of Chinese vocabulary words for common kitchen furniture. 

EnglishChinese Pinyin Measure Word
counter柜台guìtái个(gè)
cupboard橱柜chúguì个(gè)
dishwasher洗碗机xǐwǎnjī台(tái)
drawer抽屉chōuti个(gè)
fridge冰箱bīngxiāng台(tái)
island中岛zhōngdǎo个(gè)
sink水槽/水斗shuǐcáo/shuǐdòu个(gè)
microwave微波炉wēibōlú台(tái)
oven烤箱kǎoxiāng台(tái)
range hood油烟机yóuyānjī台(tái)
stove炉灶lúzào个(gè)
trash can垃圾桶lājītǒng个(gè)
trolley推车tuīchē辆(liàng)
kitchen vocabulary in Chinese
cupboard

橱柜

chúguì

1 of 9
sink

水槽

shuǐcáo

2 of 9
microwave

微波炉

wēibōlú

3 of 9
range hood

油烟机

yóuyānjī

4 of 9
drawers

抽屉

chōuti

5 of 9
stove

炉灶

lúzào

6 of 9
counter

柜台

guìtái

7 of 9
oven

烤箱

kǎoxiāng

8 of 9
fridge

冰箱

bīngxiāng

9 of 9

Example Sentences:

  • 洗碗机虽然很实用,但一般中国人家里不会安装。
    Xǐwǎnjī suīrán hěn shíyòng, dàn yìbān Zhōngguórén jiā lǐ bú huì ānzhuāng.
    Though the dishwasher is very practical, it’s generally not installed in Chinese homes.
  • 我们需要一个更大的橱柜来储藏食物。
    Wǒmen xūyào yí gè gèng dà de chúguì lái chǔcáng shíwù.
    We need a bigger cupboard to store food.
  • 垃圾桶满了,去倒一下吧。
    Lājītǒng mǎn le, qù dào yíxià ba.
    The trash can is full. Go and empty it.

Bathroom Furniture in Chinese – 卫生间家具 (wèishēngjiān jiājù)

The home bathroom or 卫生间 (wèishēngjiān) is also commonly referred to as 浴室 (yùshì) in Chinese if it has a tub or shower in it. The below table includes all the bathroom furniture vocabulary words in Chinese you’ll likely want to know.

EnglishChinese Pinyin Measure Word
bathtub浴缸yùgāng个(gè)
bath mat地垫dìdiàn块(kuài)
faucet水龙头shuǐlóngtou个(gè)
laundry basket洗衣篮xǐyīlán个(gè)
mirror镜子jìngzi块(kuài)
shower kits淋浴línyù套(tào)
toilet马桶mǎtǒng个(gè)
urinal小便池xiǎobiànchí个(gè)
washing machine洗衣机xǐyījī台(tái)
scalechèng台(tái)
washbasin台盆táipén个(gè)
bathroom vocabulary in Chinese
shelf

架子

jiàzi

1 of 8
shower

淋浴

línyù

2 of 8
faucet

水龙头

shuǐlóngtou

3 of 8
mirror

镜子

jìngzi

4 of 8
cabinet

柜子

guìzi

5 of 8
toilet

马桶

mǎtǒng

6 of 8
bathtub

浴缸

yùgāng

7 of 8
washbasin

台盆

táipén

8 of 8

Example Sentences:

  • 我们的浴室不够大,否则可以装一个浴缸。
    Wǒmen de yùshì bú gòu dà, fǒuzé kěyǐ zhuāng yí gè yùgāng.
    Our bathroom is not big enough. Otherwise, we could have installed a tub.

  • 马桶堵了。好尴尬。
    Mǎtǒng dǔ le. Hǎo gāngà.
    The toilet is clogged. It’s awkward.

  • 台盆漏水了,当心地滑!
    Táipén lòu shuǐ le, dāngxīn dì huá!
    There’s a leak in the bathroom sink. Be careful of the slippery floor!

Bedroom Furniture in Chinese – 卧室家具 (wòshì jiājù)

The bedroom is the most comfortable and cozy room in the house. It’s your haven from the outside world, where you can watch Chinese drama in peace or bury your head in a good book.

Whether you want to describe your bedroom or add more furniture to it, we have the right vocabulary words in Chinese for you!

EnglishChinese Pinyin Measure Word
bedchuáng张(zhāng)
single bed单人床dānrén chuáng张(zhāng)
double bed双人床shuāngrén chuáng张(zhāng)
bedspread床罩chuángzhào个(gè)
bed linen床上用品chuángshàng yòngpǐn套(tào)
blanket毯子tǎnzi条(tiáo)
chest of drawers抽屉柜chōutìguì个(gè)
clothes rack衣帽架yīmàojià个(gè)
cradle摇篮yáolán个(gè)
duvet被子bèizi条(tiáo)
footstool脚凳jiǎodèng张(zhāng)
makeup vanity梳妆台shūzhuāngtái张(zhāng)
mattress床垫chuángdiàn张(zhāng)
nightstand床头柜chuángtóuguì个(gè)
pillow枕头zhěntou个(gè)
pillow case枕套zhěntào个(gè)
sheet床单chuángdān条(tiáo)
table lamp台灯táidēng盏(zhǎn)
wardrobe衣橱/衣柜yīchú/yīguì个(gè)

bedroom furniture in Chinese
bed

chuáng

1 of 9
chest of drawers

抽屉柜

chōutìguì

2 of 9
wardrobe

衣柜

yīguì

3 of 9
duvet

被子

bèizi

4 of 9
pillows

枕头

zhěntou

5 of 9
nightstand

床头柜

chuángtóuguì

6 of 9
rug

地毯

dìtǎn

7 of 9
armchair

扶手椅

fúshǒuyǐ

8 of 9
drapes

窗帘

chuānglián

9 of 9

Example Sentences:

  • 我想买张软一点的双人床床垫。
    Wǒ xiǎng mǎi zhāng ruǎn yìdiǎn de shuāngrénchuáng chuángdiàn.
    I’d like to buy a soft mattress for the double bed.
  • 我把眼镜放在床头柜上了。
    Wǒ bǎ yǎnjìng fàng zài chuángtóuguì shàng le.
    I left my glasses on the nightstand.
  • 你能帮我从衣柜里拿件外套吗?
    Nǐ néng bāng wǒ cóng yīguì lǐ ná jiàn wàitào ma?
    Could you hand me a coat from the wardrobe?

Office & Study Furniture in Chinese – 办公室与书房家具 (bàngōngshì yǔ shūfáng jiājù)

Home office and study space are more desirable than ever in our post-pandemic world. Here are some Chinese vocabulary terms for the furniture that you are likely to find in an office or study.

EnglishChinesePinyinMeasure Word
bookcase书橱/书柜shūchú/shūguì个(gè)
bookshelf书架shūjià个(gè)/排(pái)
computer电脑diànnǎo台(tái)
desk书桌/办公桌shūzhuō/xiězìtái张(zhāng)
desk chair书椅/办公椅shūyǐ/bàngōngyǐ张(zhāng)/把(bǎ)
file cabinet文件柜wénjiànguì个(gè)
laptop笔记本bǐjìběn台(tái)
work lamp工作灯gōngzuòdēng盏(zhǎn)

Example Sentences:

  • 有空的时候整理一下你的书桌吧。太乱了!
    Yǒu kòng de shíhou zhěnglǐ yíxià nǐ de shūzhuō ba. Tài luàn le!
    Organize your desk when you have a moment. What a mess!
  • 我的办公椅不舒服。我要买把新的。
    Wǒ de bàngōngyǐ bù shūfú. Wǒ yào mǎi bǎ xīn de.
    My desk chair is uncomfortable. I need to buy a new one.
  • 书柜里放不下更多书了。
    Shūguì lǐ fàng bú xià gèng duō shū le.
    The bookcase can’t fit any more books.

Outdoor Furniture in Chinese – 户外家具 (hùwài jiājù)

If you have an outdoor living space to enjoy with your family and friends, this vocabulary list is perfect for you!

EnglishChinesePinyinMeasure Word
bench长凳chángdèng条(tiáo)
folding chair折叠椅zhédiéyǐ张(zhāng)/把(bǎ)
gazebo凉亭liángtíng个(gè)
hammock吊床diàochuáng张(zhāng)
outdoor BBQ grill户外烧烤架hùwài shāokǎo jià个(gè)
parasol遮阳伞zhēyángsǎn把(bǎ)
sun lounger躺椅tǎngyǐ张(zhāng)
swing秋千qiūqiān个(gè)

Example Sentences:

  • 你在吊床上睡着了!
    Nǐ zài diàochuáng shàng shuì zháo le.
    You fell asleep on the hammock!
  • 我什么都不想做,只想在躺椅上平躺。
    Wǒ shénme dōu bù xiǎng zuò, zhǐ xiǎng zài tǎngyǐ shàng píng tǎng.
    I don’t want to do anything but lie flat on the sun lounger.
  • 孩子们非常喜欢露台上的秋千。
    The kids love the swing in the garden!
    Háizimen fēicháng xǐhuan huāyuán lǐ de qiūqiān.  

Furniture Materials in Chinese

furniture materials in Chinese

Hooray! You’ve named every piece of furniture in Chinese! While you’re at it, you might also want to learn the names of common materials in Chinese to describe the kind of furniture you have or want to purchase.  

EnglishChinese Pinyin
coppertóng
glass玻璃bōli
irontiě
leather
metal金属jīnshǔ
plastic塑料sùliào
steelgāng
wood木头mùtou

You can use these words as adjectives before the furniture, like 

  • 我买了一张玻璃茶几。
    Wǒ mǎi le yì zhāng bōli chájī.
    I bought a glass coffee table.
  • 我更喜欢木头桌子。
    Wǒ gèng xǐhuan mùtou zhuōzi.
    I prefer wooden tables.

You can also use the 是…的 (shì…de) structure to describe what each piece of furniture is made of.

For example,

  • 这把椅子是塑料的。
    Zhè bǎ yǐzi shì sùliào de.
    This chair is made of plastic.
  • 那张沙发不是皮的。
    Nà zhāng shāfā bú shì pí de.
    That sofa is not made of leather.

Wanna 3X Your Chinese Progress?

There you go! Everything you wanted to know about furniture in Chinese! A great way to remember these vocabulary words is to go around your house and name things in Chinese. You could even write down a label and put it around if your family members don’t mind!

Now, if you’re learning Chinese, you should make the best out of ImproveMandarin.com, one of the world’s largest sites dedicated to Mandarin learning.

Here are some related articles for your learning pleasure:

Pro tip: if you’re ready to get serious and want to become conversationally fluent in Chinese, you really should take a structured course instead of just reading odd bits and pieces here and there.

We’ve practically reviewed every Mandarin Chinese course out there on the internet. Some are fantastic while others are junk. Here are the best online Chinese courses we found in 2022.

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